|Victoria and Vancouver Island|
|City of Victoria: Fort Victoria In the 1850's Victoria was known as Fort Victoria, established by the Hudson's Bay Company in 1843.|
|Fort Victoria Commemorative Brick Project To commemorate early Victoria pioneers and settlers, a double row of bricks was laid from 1000 to 1150 Government Street and in Bastion Square. Each brick is engraved with the name. The Black Pioneers that have engraved bricks are:
Nathan & Sarah Pointer. Brick No. 22 in Bastion Square. Nathan Pointer owned a men's clothing and accessories store on Government Street.
Louis & Sylvia Stark. Brick No. 23 in Bastion Square. The Stark’s initially settled in South Saanich in 1859. They moved to Salt Spring Island in 1860 where he worked as a dairyman and farmer and she worked the farm, tending the animals and orchards and also worked as a midwife. Sylvia lived to be 106!
Howard & Hannah Estes. Brick No. 24 in Bastion Square. Howard and Hannnah Estes are Sylvia Stark’s parents. They were farmers who settled in the South Saanich area. Hannah Estes is buried at Pioneer Square (the Old Burying Ground), which is located at the south end of Quadra Street between Meares Street and Rockland Ave. in Victoria.
Ringo's Restaurant. Brick No. 25 in Bastion Square. Samuel Ringo owned a restaurant, situated on Yates Street that was noted as the best in Victoria.
Wellington Delaney Moses. Brick No. 44 in Bastion Square. Moses owned and operated several business in Victoria and Barkerville including barbershops, salons and bath houses in Victoria and Barkerville. Lady Franklin, wife of the Arctic explorer, Sir John Franklin, stayed at the Wellington’s home with her niece Sophia Cracroft in 1861.
Sir James Douglas and Lady Amelia Douglas. Brick No. 654, 655 in Bastion Square. Sir James Douglas was the governor of Vancouver Island in 1858 and it is Douglas who sent an emissary to San Francisco to meet with Blacks in San Francisco and invite them to immigrate to Vancouver Island.
James and Mary Louisa (nee Lowe) Barnswell. Brick No. 1106 located between 1130 and 1140 Government Street. Barnswell was a carpenter who built some of Victoria’s most elegant homes, and was a prominent member of the Victoria community during the 1870’s. It is also said that he had also been a private carpenter for Sir James Douglas and as having built a church that stands on the corner of Pandora and Quadra in Victoria.
Charles and Nancy Alexander. Brick No. 2232 located at 1016 Government Street. On July 1, 1858, Charles, Nancy and their two children boarded the ship Oregon to Victoria in response to Sir James Douglas’ call for colonists. Victoria was then a city mostly comprised of tents. They made their home on a site later occupied by the Hudson’s Bay Company at the corner of Douglas and Fisgard Streets. In the fall of 1861, the Alexanders moved to South Saanich. The family resided there for 33 years and farmed.
Mifflin Wistar Gibbs. Brick No. 2526 located at 1000 to 1002 Government Street. Gibbs is considered the leader of the emigration of the 600 Blacks to Vancouver Island. His business interests and achievements are varied and numerous
|Dandridge House located on Rudlin Street, Victoria This house was originally occupied by Black Pioneers Charlotte and John Dandridge from 1861 to 1871. From 1864-1871 Sydnia Francis and Peter Lester of Lester and Gibbs actually owned the property and paid the taxes. A plaque was unveiled at this location on February 9, 2014 through the efforts to the B.C. Black History Awareness Society and the current owners.|
|Ross Bay Cemetery 1516 Fairfield Rd. Victoria.
The Ross Bay Cemetery is “a superb example of a Victorian-era burial ground” where a number of Black Pioneers are buried. The Old Cemeteries Society in partnership with our Society offers a “Black History” tour of the gravesites of Black Pioneers every year in February; and there are numerous other tours of interest throughout the year on most Sunday’s. Contact the Old Cemeteries Society for more information.
Their website also provides information of other cemeteries in the Victoria area including the Chinese Cemetery, the Jewish Cemetery and a number of church cemeteries.
|Shady Creek United Church
located at 7180 East Saanich Road. Charles Alexander initiated and assisted in the building of the first Shady Creek Church and was one of its first preachers.
One of the largest family plots at Shady Creek is that of the Alexander family, one of the well-known early black families in Victoria. Charles and Nancy Alexander and many of their descendants are buried here.
On February 20, 2000, a ceremony took place at this church with Parks Canada to unveil a plaque to honour the arrival of the Black Pioneers to British Columbia. In 2014 our Society partnered with the Church and the Alexander Family descendants to restore the grave markers for Charles and Nancy. The restored markers were unveiled at a ceremony held on August 16, 2014.
|Saanich Pioneer Museum Several Black Pioneers settled and farmed in the Saanich Districts. The museum is an archives and museum housing collections from pioneer families, both textual and in artifact form with ongoing and changing displays about local history. The museum also has a simulated pioneer kitchen. The museum is located north of Victoria at 7910 Polo Park Crescent, Saanichton. (off the 7900 block of East Saanich Road, 2 blocks north of the Prairie Inn just behind Thrifty Foods Grocery.)|
|Leechtown near Sooke Leechtown is now a ghost town but in 1864, Samuel Booth was a prospector and it is noted in several sources as having found a sizeable gold nugget on the Leech River near Victoria that precipitated the 1864 gold rush. He is also mentioned as having formed the Industry Company with three other black men, John Tyril, George Munro and George Dyer, to pan for gold on the Leech River near Sooke.|
|Emma Stark’s house: 331 Wesley Street. Emma lived at 331 Wesley Street, Nanaimo. A plague is placed there in recognition of her being the first Black teacher on Vancouver Island. Emma was the daughter of Louis and Sylvia Stark. She was appointed the first teacher in the new North Cedar School in 1874, thereby becoming the first black teacher on Vancouver Island.|
|Louis Stark’s Barn: 1526 Extension Road This small barn is an excellent example of an early agricultural building and serves as a reminder of the area’s farming heritage. The building can be viewed from both Extension Road and the nearby Chase River Elementary School.|
|Salt Spring Island|
|Salt Spring Island Archives These archives provide significant information about the Black Pioneers that settled on the island.|
|26 Black Homesteads on Salt Spring Island. This map on the SSI Archives website shows the location of 26 homesteads; including well-known pioneers Jim Anderson, Abraham Copeland, John Craven Jones, and the Starks.|
|Vancouver and Lower Mainland|
|Deas Island Regional Park John Sullivan Deas began canning salmon in 1871 for a man named Edward Stamp. In 1873 he built his own cannery on what was named Deas Island; initially he was the leading canner on the Fraser River but in the next several years more canneries opened on the Fraser. Deas Cannery closed in 1878 but today thousands of motorists pass by its former location. Highway 99 on the lower mainland crosses Deas Island in the south arm of the Fraser River. The road side sign reads Deas Slough (or Deas Crossing) near George Massey Tunnel.|
|John Braithwaite Community Centre. John Braithwaite was first elected to North Vancouver City Council in 1972. In spite of taking a break from politics for a few years, he served 23 years as an elected official. The John Braithwaite Community Centre (JBCC) was opened in October 2004. Located at 145 West 1st Street, North Vancouver (Lower Lonsdale). The center is 35,000 square feet and offers a range of facilities and services.|
|Emery Barnes Park Located at 1170 Richards Street, Vancouver. Emery was born in New Orleans on December 15, 1929. At 12 years of age he moved to the state of Oregon where he later received a Bachelor of Science Degree at the University of Oregon. He immigrated to Canada in 1957. He played pro-football briefly in 1956 for the Green Bay Packers of the National Football League before joining the BC Lions in 1957. He studied at the University of British Columbia, where he received a Bachelor of Social Work. Emery Barnes was elected to the Legislative Assembly of British Columbia in 1972. In 1995 Emery Barnes was appointed Member to the Order of British Columbia and in 2003 the City of Vancouver named this park in his memory.|
|Hogan's Alley was the local, unofficial name for Park Lane, an alley that ran through the southwestern corner of Strathcona in Vancouver, British Columbia during the first six decades of the twentieth century. It ran between Union and Prior Streets from approximately Main Street to Jackson Avenue. While Hogan's Alley and the surrounding area was an ethnically diverse neighbourhood during this era, home to many Italian, Chinese and Japanese Canadians, a number of black families, black businesses, and the city's only black church, the African Methodist Episcopal Fountain Chapel, were located there. As such, Hogan's Alley was the first and last neighbourhood in Vancouver with a substantial concentrated black population. This BlackStrathcona Video is comprised of ten stories that celebrate some of the remarkable people and places that made this community vibrant and unique.|
|Pullman Porter Street, Vancouver. In 2014 the Vancouver Civic Asset Naming Committee named a street “Pullman Porter Street” in recognition of the role sleeping car porters played in both Black labour history and the history of the railway. The street is in close proximity to the two train stations on Main Street: Union Station and the Canadian National which now serves as the bus, VIA and Amtrak station. The Pullman Porters’ Club, a popular Main Street gathering place for the predominantly Black porters, was located nearby, backing on to Hogan’s Alley. Many residents of Hogan’s Alley worked as railway porters, their residences chosen in part because of the area’s proximity to the railway station and multi-ethnic Strathcona. Porters also played an important role in Black labour history. The Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters signed its first collective agreement with CP Rail on May 18, 1945, the first time a trade union organized by and for Black men signed an agreement with a Canadian company.|
|Barbara Howard Plaza. Barbara Howard was the first black woman athlete to represent Canada in an International competition and the first person from a visible minority to be hired as a teacher by the Vancouver School Board. In September 2018 the City of Vancouver renamed 15 public spaces to commemorate the work of prominent local residents. The Cambie Street Plaza, located on the south side of the Cambie Street Bridge and north of the east off ramp was renamed the Barbara Howard Plaza.|
|BC Mainland: Central and North|
|Barkerville Blacks who resided in Barkerville during the gold rush include Isaac Dickson, a barber and another man named Steele who owned a restaurant there.
More notable persons include: Wellington Delaney Moses also opened a barbershop and general store in Barkerville in 1862 and is noted as having the first bathtub in the city of Barkerville in his salon. Moses was an avid “recorder” and his accounts and diaries are in the Public Archives in Victoria where he recorded his business affairs and activities in Barkerville from 1860 – 1870’s.
Rebecca Gibbs established a laundry in Barkerville circa 1868 and published poems in the Cariboo Sentinel. Her most memorable poem is “The Old Red Shirt” that is engraved on her grave marker in the Ross Bay Cemetery.
In the British Columbia Directory of 1877 - 1889 William Alan Jones is listed as a miner but in recognition of the skills he had acquired as a dentist at Oberlin College, he was granted a licence on June 26, 1886 under the British Columbia Dental Act, although he may have been practicing dentistry as early as 1865. He had the distinction of being the first person to register under the act.
|Clore Mountain and Clore River: In Crawford Kilian’s book “Go Do Some Great Thing” p. 140, 141. Kilian writes that in 1910, prospector Arthur Clore began a long career in the northern interior. Clore Mountain and Clore River are named after him.
Newspaper articles about Arthur Clore:
Northern Sentinel, September 8, 1960. P. 4. – Clore, Arthur File.
“I’ve stood on my own two feet so long ..” by Stan Rough.
This article reports an interview with Arthur Clore who describes his life since arriving in Prince Rupert 1910. He first worked as a logger and later as a miner in 1932. He was also a placer miner and later prospected for gold as well as copper.
Terrace Herald, January 30, 1963, p.4.
“Old Timer’s Story As Displayed at Chamber of Commerce Convention”.
The article reports the story of Arthur Clore since he arrived in British Columbia.
Terrace Herald, July 24, 1968. P. 2.
“Veteran Prospector Arthur Clore dies”.
This insertion reports the death of Clore on July 23, at the age of 81.
|John Robert Giscome and Henry McDame were prospectors and mining partners; both have places named after them|
|Giscome Portage is a designated heritage trail by BC Parks. Giscome Canyon and Giscome Rapids also bear his name. Giscome was born in Jamaica in 1832, was part of the migration in 1858. He prospected and mined in the mid and northern parts of B.C. It is believed that he did well as a miner, he died at the age of 75 in 1907 and is buried in the Ross Bay Cemetery.|
|Huble Homestead Historic Site , located 40km north of Prince George; their website includes content about Giscome and McDame.|
|McDame Creek is located in the Cassiar land district of British Columbia. Henry McDame, a prospector in 1870, discovered the creek, initially called ‘Nigger Creek’ – later named after McDame. Another gold discovery was made by McDame 90 miles from Deas Lake in 1874, and with a group of predominately Black miners he formed the Charity Company. Colonist, July 28, 1974. Pp. 4 – 5. “Yes! B.C. Is Celebrating Another Centennial”. By Lyn Hancock. This article credits McDame with bringing life to an area known as Centreville, a town which housed numerous miners in the 1870’s. Previously recorded history of McDame’s life in the area is mentioned briefly. McDame Creek, is reported here, as producing the largest all-gold nugget ever recovered in B.C.|
|Canada's Historic Places The Canadian Register of Historic Places (CRHP) is Canada's definitive source of information on more than 13,000 historic places.|